Sep 06 2016

20 SHOCKING Nocturnal Predators

Did you know that Grey Wolfs love to hunt at night?

Check out these 20 shocking nocturnal predators that you should watch out for !

20.Spotted Hyena

Spotted Hyenas are found all over sub-saharan Africa; and unlike their cousins, the brown and striped hyena, the spotted hyena is a dangerous predator, not a scavenger. Their favorite and most common prey is the Wildebeest, but they have been known to attack animals as large as giraffes.
These night hunters are never scared, and chase their prey for miles at speeds close to 40 mph (64km/h). Surprisingly, some people in Africa have turned these animals into pets, as Peter Hugo exemplified beautifully in his “The Hyena and Other Men” series.

Did You Know? Spotted Hyenas consume at least 30lb (14.5kg) of meat per meal !

19.Barred Owl
Barred Owls can be found in the dense forests and wooded swamps of North America, they are opportunistic hunters and will wait for the perfect moment to strike.
Most of the time, they will attack smaller prey like mice and shrews, however, they have been spotted attacking much bigger animals. In this picture, you can see a Barred owl with its dinner, a wild rabbit.

Did you know? The only natural predator of the Barred Owl, is the Great Horned Owl, which is bigger and meaner.

18.Kit Fox
Found in the Northwestern United States and parts of Mexico, these little hunters are mostly nocturnal. They will prey on rabbits , prairie dogs, and even fish.
If food is scarce, a kit fox’s appetite can be satisfied with tomatoes or cactus fruits.

17.Saga Pedo
The Saga Pedo inhabits most of southern europe and is even found as far east as China ! Better known as the Predatory Bush Cricket, these species are most active during the night and their diet can sometimes turn cannibalistic.

Did you know? There is no reliable record of a male Saga Pedo ever being examined. Their population is entirely female.

16.Snow Leopard — Weighing between 55-165 lbs (25-75 kgs), these animals can bring down prey nearly three times their own size. Snow Leopards are found in central, South and East Asia, inhabiting cold, harsh areas at up to over 19,000 feet (6000 meters). Their large paws work like snowshoes, and will wrap their long tail around themselves to stay warm. These carnivores use the veil of night to hunt prey like hares, birds and sheep among other animals.

Did you know? Unlike their cousins, Snow Leopards can’t roar.

15.Red Fox
Very wide-ranging, Red foxes can be found across the whole Northern Hemisphere, from Arctic Circle to Central America, North Africa and Asia, as well as in Australia and Sardinia. They hunt at night, favoring small insects, reptiles, mammals and various types of berries.

14.Mountain Lions
The largest of the wild cats in North America, these animals are found in habitats from Florida swamps to Canadian forests. Males can average upwards to 150 (68kg) pounds and can have a home range of over 100 miles (160km). These carnivores prefer hunting at night and only feed on other animals, favoring nearly any small animal like foxes, coyotes, and rabbits. Because of their nocturnal nature, people rarely see them.

These wild dogs are found in Australia, with their territories ranging from 17 – 200 miles (27-320km). They usually feed on smaller mammals like rabbits, wallabies and birds. When they hunt in packs, they’ll target larger animals like kangaroos.

12.Honey Badger
Known for their fearlessness (and for inspiring internet memes), this animal can hunt during any time of the day but usually become nocturnal in areas with high populations of humans. They’re called honey badgers because they favor bee honey. But they’re also carnivorous and will rodents, snakes, birds. Thanks to their powerful jaws, they can even bite through the hard shell of a tortoise.

11.Dwarf Crocodile
This is the smallest species of croc with a body length of up to 6.25 feet (1.9m) and weighing between 40-70 pounds (18-32 kgs). They’re found in swamps and rainforests of western and central Africa. During the day they hide in tree roots or burrows. They’re active at night, feeding on frogs, toads and crustaceans in particular.

10. Caracal
Found in Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent, this medium-sized wildcat measures up to 20 inches (50 centimeters) at the shoulder and can weigh up to 40 pounds (18 kilograms). The Caracal comes out at night to prey on birds, rodents and small antelopes, usually killing with a bite to the neck. They can leap up to 10 feet (3m) in the air from a crouching position and use a swat of their paw to kill a bird in flight.

9.Malayan Civet — They’re found in various habitats in southeast Asia, from grasslands, to forests and brush. They spend a lot of time on the ground but can easily climb trees if the need arises. They’re solitary animals, feeding on rodents, birds, snakes and insects.

8.Margays — Native to Central and South America this small cat is known for its amazing ability to run down a tree head first or use one paw to hang from a branch. These animals usually prey on birds, lizards and frogs.

7.Ocelot — Also known as a dwarf leopard, the Ocelot is found throughout South America through Central America and into Mexico. Sightings in Texas have even been reported. They spend most of the day sleeping in lower tree branches and come out at night to feed on rabbits, reptiles, monkeys and birds. They’re also known to be good swimmers.

6.Grey Wolves — These are apex predators that can be found from North America to Asia in a wide variety of habitats, from woodlands and forests to grasslands and arid landscapes. These animals are highly social and can live in packs of 2 to 36 individual wolves, forming a tightly knit group that is highly organized. As carnivores their prey often depends on whether they’re hunting as a pack or alone. If they’re in a pack, the Gray Wolf will prey upon larger animals like moose, reindeer and yak. They’re known to howl to assemble the pack or to locate each other across vast distances.

5.Coyote — These animals can reach speeds up to 43 mph (69 kph), and are one of the top 10 fastest land animals in the world. They’re often found in North America, in open woodlands and prairies. When hunting large prey they’ll work in pairs or small groups. Almost all of its diet consists of animals matter, including sheep, bison, deer, and birds.

4.Tasmanian Devil — Weighing up to 26 pounds (12 kgs) these are the largest carnivorous marsupials, Found in habitats in Tasmania and Australia, they hide out in their den or dense bush during the day and become active at night. They have a varied diet and will feed on birds, fish and reptiles. They’re also known to eat carrion even more than hunt live prey. Did you know that should the needs arise, they can consume up to 40% of their body weight within a half hour. They might be best known for inspiring “Taz”, the cartoon character from Looney Tunes.

3.Fer-de-Lance (Bothrops asper) — These are some of the largest and deadliest snakes in Central and South America. In Costa Rica this reptile accounts for 50% of all snakebites there. Unpredictable and excitable, they’re known for striking quickly and aggressively. Growing to about 7 feet long (2m), it can spit its venom at least 6 feet (1.8m). They spend their days coiled and hidden amongst leaf-litter. Come nightfall, those long bodies uncoil and they’re on the hunt for prey. The name ‘fer-de-lance’ refers to the snake’s flat head; in French that means ‘lance head’.

2.Aye Aye – These creatures can only be found on the island of Madagascar. Although they may not look like it, these animals are primates, related to chimpanzees. Although from their frightful appearance, many people think they’re related to gremlins. Maybe that’s why they sleep in trees during the day and only come out at night. Their diet consists of wood boring larvae, seeds and nectar. Maybe not the biggest predator out there, but hey … they do look shocking!

1.Giant Striped Mongoose — Also known as Grandidier’s Mongoose, the French naturalist and explorer. It lives in a small area of Madagascar, and weighs up to 1.3 pounds (600 g). Because of the intense heat of its environment, the animals come out at night to forage and hunt after temperatures cool off. As befits a giant striped mongoose, it favors giant cockroaches as well as scorpions for its dining pleasure.

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