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Mar 04 2016

5 Biggest Nopes of Nature

 

5. Piranhas
Creature Features:
Genus/Species: Serrasalmus/Various
Size: Lengeth up to 2 ft.; 1 ft on average. Weight up to 4.5 lbs
Habitat: Rivers of South America
Prey: Fish, birds, mammals.
Lifespan: About 5 Years

An aggressive fish, the piranha feeds in packs and attacks with incredible ferocity. A school rushes prey and tears away flesh from the live victim. Piranhas can strip a large animal down to the bone in just minutes.

Rippers: The triangular teeth are not only razor sharp, but they interlock to give the fish a deadly hold on prey.

Nose for blood: The fish’s large nasal pits lead to sensors that piranhas use to detect the slightest trace of blood int the water.

Attack Speed: Wide and muscular, the tail drives the fish rapidly through the water is it zeroes in on prey.

Death Squad: Piranhas travel in schools of 100 or more. When such huge numbers are on the attack, the water boils with blood from the feeding frenzy. They will feed just as fiercely on carrion (dead animals) in the water.

Not Me, Stupid@ The fish can become so crazed when feeding that they will sometimes bite each other with deadly results.

A Taste For People: Piranhas will definitely attack people. It’s believed that more than 200 people were eaten alive when a boat capsized in the Amazon River in Brazil 1981.

Did you know? Natives who live near the Amazon use Piranha teeth as cutting tools?

4. Green Anaconda

Creature Features:
Species: Eunectes murinus
Size: Length up to 27 ft. Weight up to 300 lbs
Habitat: Tropical rainforests of South America
Prey: Mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish
Lifespan: Up to 20 years

Slithering after prey in the swamps, and rivers of tropical South America, the green anaconda is the largest snake in the world, weighing hundreds of pounds and measuring more than 25 feet in length. These snakes are the inspiration for terrifying stories and legends of monster sized jungle serpents.

Power Coils: Massive muscles along its length allow the snakes body to wind into coils and exert a crushing force from which few victims can escape.

Wide Load: Swallowing a big meal is no problem for anacondas. Their huge jaws literally unhinge so that snakes can gulp down prey wider than their bodes.

Doin’ Vine: Anacondas rest during the day, often lounging among tree branches, where they’re often mistaken for thick vines.

Deadly Squeeze Play: Gliding through murky rivers and streams, the green anaconda strikes without warning, grabs its victim in its jaws and drags the terrified prey into the water. Then the deadly squeeze begins as the snake wraps its massive body around the struggling animal. The snake tightens its grip until the victim can no longer breathe. These gigantic snakes will east just about anything from deer to wild pigs, and they’re rumored to have swallowed up people.

Night Vision: The snakes vertical pupils open faster and wider than round ones to allow it to take in the maximum available light so it can hunt at night.

Nose Up, Tongue Out: The nostrils are positioned on top of the snakes flat head so it can breathe as it lurks, partly submerged in shallow water. Its tongue transfers airborne scents to receptors in the roof of its mouth. When not in use, the tongue retracts into a covering inside the mouth.

Did you know?Anacondas can give live birth, producing up to 80 little snakes at one time.

3. Red-Kneed Tarantula
Creature Features:
Species: Brachypelma Smithi
Size: Body length up to 4 in; legspan up to 7 in.
Habitat: Dry areas of western Mexico
Prey: Large insects, small mammals, and reptiles
Lifespan: Up to 30 years

In the rocky scrub land of Mexico, a beautiful but deadly tarantula lurks. The Mexican red-kneed tarantula is huge, hairy and as deadly to its prey as it looks. Its a master of sensing the creatures that are around it, and keeps its weapons ready. While its bite is lethal to insects, rodents, and lizards it is relatively harmless to humans.

Fatal Fangs: The red kneed-tarantula normally keeps it large jaws tucked underneath its body. When its time to take care of prey, however, the spider rears up and the fangs spring out to deliver a fatal bite.

Silk Stalked: Any prey that puts up a fight during the tarantulas attack is quickly immobilized. This spider uses its silk spinning abilities to tie up larger prey until the venomous bite takes effect.

Hair Trigger: The hairs that cover the red-kneed tarantulas body are essential to the spiders survival. The hairs on its legs sense vibrations and even movements of the air made by the nearby prey. Other hairs on the creatures body connect to organs that picks up smells out of the air. Hairs on the spider;s abdomen are secret weapons. There hooked on the end and can be shot at enemies like tiny arrows.

Colorful Defense: The tarantulas knows are used for defense. If cornered by a predator, the spider rears up and flashes its colorful legs to confuse the enemy.

Feeling It: Next to the spiders jaws are appendages called pedipalps. The creature uses these feelers to identify objects it encounters.

Did you know? Even though this spider isn’t dangerous to people, it often plays the role of deadly spider in movies.

2. Hippopotamus
Creature Features:
Species: Hippoptamus amphibius
Size: Length up to 11 ft; Height up to 4.5 feet; Weight up to 3.5 tons
Habitat: Rivers and lakes in central Africa
Food: Various Grasses
Lifespan: Up to 45 years

TO anyone in Africa, the sight of a hippopotamus means one thing- run! When left along, this creature is usually harmless, but the slightest agitation can send the hippo into a rampage. Although its vegetarian, this massive beast attacks intruders and kills more people in Africa every year than lions or crocodiles.

Big Mouth: The Hippos can open its huge mouth to an incredible 150-degree angle. Equipped with thick, lower canine teeth that can reach 28 inches in length, the hippos jaws are effective weapons for fighting or attacking.

Hungry Hippos: Hippos haul themselves out of the water when its time to eat, usually at night. Open grasslands where these giants regularly feed are called “hippo lawns”.

Keep Out: The hippopotamus mat look big and lazy, but this beast is extremely territorial- and it has a very bad temper. If a male hippo enters another male’s territory, the visitor must act submissive. Otherwise, the dominate male picks a fight. The hippos swing their open jaws and try to gore each other with their thick canine teeth. These battles can last for than two hours, and can prove fatal to the loser.

Lazy River: Most hippos day is spent in the water with only the top of its head poking above the surface. The creature moves so little that algae grows on its skin.

Pink Sunscreen: The hippo is very sensitive to the sun. The huge mammals smooth skin produces a sticky pink liquid that protects it from harmful sun rays and keep its skin moist when on land.

Did you know? Despite their huge size, hippos are graceful swimmers and can run up to 20 mph.

1. Grizzly Bear
Crearture Features:
Species: Ursus arctos horribilis
Size: Height up to 9 ft when standing. Weight up to 1,000 lbs
Habitat: Forests of northwest North America
Food: Mainly vegetation, also insects, fish, rodents, and elk
Lifespan: Up to 30 years
The charge of an angry grizzly bear is one of the scariest sights in nature. The massive bear can run as fast as a racehorse and use its powerful claws to rip away at anything in its way. When the big bear rises on its hind legs, it tops 9ft in height.

Jaws and Claws: Powerful teeth and claws help shred through any prey. The heavy teeth crunch down to the bone and the claws cut so deep they can kill large prey with in swat.

Grizzly Express: Enormously muscular legs give the grizzly great speed over rough terrain. It can run up to 35 mpg and easily plow through dense undergrowth.

One Hulk of Bear: One of the biggest bears in the world, the grizzly is known for its sheer power. When angry, the bear rears up on its hind legs, bares its teeth, lets out a ferocious roar and snaps its jaws shut with tremendous force. When on all fours, its even more terrifying. A charging grizzly is an almost unstoppable force, capable of killing a full grown elk with one swat of its claws.

Something In The Air: Grizzlies locate prey primarily through a sharp sense of smell. They can track the scent of food from up to 7 miles away.

Rip It: These bears can be very persistent in their pursuit of food. When Grizzlies get a whiff of a meal, they can bite into the metal walls of trailers and rip cars to pieces.

Did You Know? While the grizzly bear does sometimes eat meat, it mainly feeds on plants.