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Feb 26 2016

Shocking Ocean Discoveries

The ocean is one mysterious place, here are 14 shocking discoveries that you wont believe actually exist!

 

 

 

#14 The 13,700 Year Old Fishing Weir

This discovery could possibly rewrite what we know of Canada’s history. Scientists believe they’ve found a fishing weir that dates back nearly 14,000 years! The weir was found hundreds of meters under the ocean during a scan by a University of Victoria archeologist, Quentin Mackie and his team in September 2014. The weir is located around the Haida Gwaii archipelago and is made of stone, and was used to corral fish. It might just be the oldest fishing weir in the world.

#13 The Lost Microcontinent

Mauritius is a popular tourist destination, but you can find more than just fun in the sun near those sandy beaches. In 2013, researchers discovered that under the beaches of this Indian Ocean island, was a hidden “microcontinent,” a tiny island that formed from undersea volcanoes. The microcontinent drowned after the continental breakup about 85 million years ago, and is thought to be part of the supercontinent Rodinia, which consisted also of India and Madagascar.

#12 The World’s Deepest Fish

The Pacific Ocean’s Mariana Trench held mysteries scientists couldn’t wait to uncover. In 2014, they found a mystery in the deepest-living fish ever found. The fish is believed to be a new species of a snailfish and was found at 26,722 feet, far deeper than another ocean-dweller, the anglerfish. The fish has wide, winglike fins, a tail like an eel and a scalloped face. They also found other new species of fish on their expedition.

#11 A 125-Year Old Bottle of Beer

Canadian citizens probably are familiar with the beer brand Alexander Keith, and diver Jon Crouse was surprised to find a half-full bottle of the brew in November 2015 on the ocean floor off the coast of Halifax. Beer experts were quickly able to point out that the bottle was from the 1870’s, making it nearly as old as Canada itself! Experts even sample the brew, describing it as tasting of “tree fruit, cherry and rotten eggs!” Ew!

#10 The Underwater Locomotives

It wasn’t a cache of gold coins, a sunken ship or even human remains that shocked Paul Hepler as he mapped the Atlantic ocean floor with a magnetometer in 1985. Instead, Hepler found two massive locomotives, both Planet Class 2-2-2-T models, 90 feet below the ocean’s surface miles off the coast of New Jersey. This particular model was only manufactured for a very short time, and researchers who studied the trains believe they were lost in a storm while being transported from Boston. The locomotives weigh a huge 15 tons apiece, meaning they won’t be brought to shore any time soon.

#9 The Glowing Creatures of the Pacific Ocean

These creatures have the “bright” idea. David Gruber was photographing images of the ocean floor, capturing fluorescent light images for a new exhibit in 2014. He also captured a bright light he didn’t expect – the light represented 20 species, including two sharks, that exhibit biofluorescence. The creatures have the ability to glow green, red or orange. The discovery shocked scientists, since the creatures’ light appears to be constant. Even more shocking, the animals can only see their colors if they have special filters in their eyes. Some of the creatures even have filters that the human eye lacks.

#8 The Coral Reef Tomb of Headless Skeletons

Archeologists were excavating a coral reef in the Pacific Ocean archipelago Vanuatu in July 2009 and uncovered a coral tomb of remains 3,000 years old. The tomb was the home to 60 headless skeletons, which is the biggest skeleton find ever in the Pacific Ocean. The graves were marked by jars with designs of patterns and even pictures of eyes and faces. Researchers believe the skulls were kept by ancestors after the people died.

#7 The Non-Extinct “Extinct” Fish, the Coelacanth

This menacing-looking fish has quite a history. Thought to be extinct with the dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous period, the fish was discovered very much alive in 1938 when a fisherman caught one off the coast of East Africa. Even more shocking was the fact that another species of the Coelacanth was caught in the Indian Ocean by a fisherman and offered up for sale at a fish market in July 1998, letting scientists know that there are more species of this “extinct” fish than previously thought! The fish was 5ft long and weighed 29kg.

#6 The Metal Balls of the Atlantic Ocean

Scientists who were in the Atlantic Ocean to study sea organisms found something a bit more unusual than they expected when their equipment kept getting snagged on something. They unearthed metal balls, known as manganese balls. These balls occur in other oceans, growing at the rate of millimeters over the course a million years by crystallizing around rocks or fossils into a nodule. To see so many on the ocean floor, especially some so round, was quite a shock to researchers, who even put out a press release about the discovery.

#3 The Yeti Crab

You may have seen a variety of crabs at a visit to the aquarium, but you’ve probably not seen a crab like this. Known as the Yeti Crab, this species was discovered in 2005 in the South Pacific Ocean. The crab’s discovery required scientists to actually create a new genus, Kiwaidae. This crab is special not only because it’s hairy, but also because it has no eyes. It grows its own food and bacteria in its fur and lives in hydrothermal vents.

#2 The Galleon San Jose

Built in 1696, the Spanish ship Galleon San Jose was lost in 1708, after crewmembers were engaged in a sea battle with the English. On November 27, 2015, the wreckage of the ship was found in the Caribbean Sea, along with its treasure. Originally on its way to France, the ship was laden with cargo of gold, silver and emeralds when it sank, and 600 people were reportedly on board when the ship went down. Many of the ship’s personal effects, cannons, and guns are still intact. Before the discovery, historians believed the ship had exploded. The recovered treasure is worth an estimated $3 to $17 billion.

#1 The “Lost” Underwater Forest

You may find a city or ruins, or sunken treasure in the sea, but finding a forest is probably a dream….But for diver Dawn Watson, finding a lost forest went from fantasy to reality. In 2015, Watson discovered an incredible underwater forest off the coast of Norfolk. The trees are estimated to be near 10,000 years, and have been hidden underwater since the Ice Age, only to be uncovered during a storm. The forest was once part of Doggerland, a piece of land that was a bridge between Britain and Europe.

What types of discoveries would you like to make in the ocean on a deep sea dive? We’d love to hear you share them in the comments below. Don’t forget to like us, and subscribe to our channel for more great videos just like this. Thanks for watching!